FDA Panels Votes to Support Teplizumab, Potential for Delaying Type 1 Diabetes

The US Food and Drug Administration's Endocrinologic and Metabolic Drugs Advisory Committee voted 10-7 in support of teplizumab for delaying clinical type 1 diabetes in a meeting on May 27.

This has been adapted from an article originally published on HCPLive.com.

The US Food and Drug Administration's Endocrinologic and Metabolic Drugs Advisory Committee (EMDAC) voted 10-7 to support the benefit-risks of teplizumab for delaying clinical type 1 diabetes.

After the vote, experts discussed their reasoning behind their individual vote.

The 10 experts in support of the vote noted that it was a major clinical need and beneficial to at-risk populations. In contrast, the 7 who voted against teplizumab noted the significant result of the study used in the BLA, but had uncertainties about the target population, safety issues, and limited data set.

With a PDUFA date of July 2, the results of the EMDAC vote were highly anticipated as many clincians believe teplizumab could transform the treatment of type 1 diabetes. The BLA was based on TN-10 study data that found a single 14-day course of teplizumab delayed clinical disease and insulin-dependence by at least 2 years in pre-symptomatic patients with Stage 2 T1D, compared to placebo.

According to analysis, more than 800 patients receiving teplizumab in clinical studies and the treatment demonstrated the ability to preserve beta-cell function as shown by C-peptide. Results suggest the treatment was generally well-tolerated and safety data was consistent with previous analyses.

Main risks for the treatment included lymphopenia, transaminase elevations, rash, and cytokine release events, but investigators believe these events are manageable because teplizumab is given as a one-course regimen.

During the meeting, Lauren Wood Heickman, MD, a clinical reviewer at the FDA, provided an overview on the clinical development for teplizumab. Additionally, Wood Heickman noted that younger age at islet autoantibody development was associated with a higher risk of progression to T1D.

“Younger age at the time of antibody development is associated with a high risk of progression type 1 diabetes,” Wood Heickman said. “However, it is not clear if age impacts the risk of progression to type 1 diabetes once metabolic disturbance is present.”

Yu Wang, PhD, Statistical Reviewer, FDA presented the statistical assessment of teplizumab efficacy in the TN-10. Wang also highlighted the differences among the 5 studies in a meta-analysis, with the results in a change in baseline in C-peptide area.

Data from oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) were collected at 3 months, 6 months, and every 6 months after until T1D onset or end of study.

“The ratio for each level was estimated to illustrate the treatment effect and the study of TN-10 from baseline in the peptide AUC in the 2-hour glucose test,” Wang said.

Wang also noted the treatment effect was statistically significant, and treatment was robust to sensitivity analysis. However, Wang also noted the TN-10 had a small sample size as well as study design issues in evaluating the treatment effect of teplizumab on C-peptide AUC change from baseline.